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Space companies have received $ 7.2 billion in government investment since 2000

Space companies have received $ 7.2 billion in government investment since 2000

A government agency, such as initial investment from NASA or Air Air, can be an important step in the development of start-up from commercial space companies to successful companies.

According to a new report by Space Angeles, an investment firm focused on the space industry, which has identified the amount invested by government agencies in private airlines over the past 18 years.

Analysis shows how the government plays a role in the private space industry. It has been found that initial public investment can sometimes be the difference between life and death of a company.

“I think it’s really important for the people that it is not just the private sector that decides to do something,” said Space Anderson CEO Chand Anderson, The Verge. “The government has played an important role in developing major space companies.”

Space Angeles issued a report on NASA’s request, where the agency wanted to know the impact of its investment over the private sector over the past two decades.

Finally, Space Angels found that 67 space companies received a total of $ 7.2 billion in government investments between 2000 and 2018. About 93 percent of this investment went to the companies that were rocket-launching.

“It’s not surprising,” said Anderson. “Government funds have been directed to reduce the barriers to entry, and the biggest obstacle to launch is to launch them.”

The report highlighted as a key example on SpaceX how much contributing to the success of government investment company. During the first decade of its operation, according to the report of SpaceX, SpaceX was working with $ 1 billion, and nearly half of that money came from NASA’s official contracts.

SPACEK has specifically thanked NASA for supporting the agency after launching its first capsule for shipment to the ISS in 2012 from the Dragon. “He did not do it alone,” Anderson says. “They could not do without NASA’s help.”

There are also many space companies who have not yet received public investment. Space Angeles estimates that there are 375 companies in the private space industry, who have received co-financing of $ 19 billion since 2009.

At least 123 companies have registered for DUNS – a requirement for public funding – but still have to get government investment.

Anderson noted that there are negative aspects of working with the government, this is the reason why some such participation can not follow. Among other things, the requirements of DOD or NASA can be very cumbersome for a small company, or it can take away the objectives of government software resources from startup focus.

However, the report focuses on many more successful government investment programs such as NASA, Small Business Innovation Research Initiative (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR).

SBIR and STTR provided funding to small construction companies in its early stages and as a result, these companies attracted additional private investment. “So let’s use this data to help influence the policy and help influence NASA funding decisions.”

Anderson argues that since most of the investment in the US Space Agency (NASA) and the Department of Defense (DOD) has gone to the companies that have so far focused, so for these agencies to expand further in other areas of space work Is the time He explains that we are looking at some of this through the NASA CLPS program.

which has awarded the contract to three private space companies, which are building an automatic spacecraft that can deliver equipment to the moon.

Anderson argues that this is a prime example of how the government can launch new models of businesses that do not yet have a very clear way of making money.”Then the economic stimulation begins to develop, when the private sector can come and take over.”

But in the end, Space Angels shows that if you work in space, you will cross the streets with the public sector at some point. So getting the investment from the government can be in the best interests of the company.

“You can not trade in space without government,” Anderson says. “They are involved in one way or another.”

Blue Origin founder Jeff Bezos uploaded a video of the test last night. Recording shows a flame coming from the engine horizontally, which is visible in light green first and then the other becomes clear for the test.

To begin the ignition of the engine, green flames can be attributed to the liquid used by BE-7. Once the fluid is burning, the fire becomes clear because the engine works on liquid oxygen and hydrogen – both secondary water products.

NASA’s future moon rocket is likely to be delayed and budgeted

NASA's future moon rocket is likely to be delayed and budgeted

NASA’s huge rocket launch is likely to be delayed again for sending astronauts to the moon and crossing its budget. According to a new report from the Office of the Official Accountability Office, who reviewed NASA’s tools to explore humans in space.

Originally the leaked report to the Washington Post is the latest in a long series of reviews, which has identified problems and costs from time to time with the missile development program.

For the last decade, NASA has been developing two main cars for transporting humans beyond the orbit of the Earth. A space projection system or SLS, which is a huge rocket capable of sending people to the areas close to the Moon’s surface.

The second Orion is a crew capsule, which people will ride while traveling on top of SLS.

For the first time in 2017 both cars were to be launched together, but the opening flight was continuously paid and now it is due in June 2020. Due to delays, the SLS program also cost more, which increased to an additional $ 1 billion. For NASA

The report of the New Government Accountability Office (GAO) has been argued today that NASA can not meet the deadline of June 2020.

Instead, the SLS is likely to fly for the first time by June 2021, especially if the agency encounters any other problem while assemble and test the missile.

Also, NASA is accused of not being transparent in cost estimates for both SLS and Orion. GAO’s report found that the cost of the SLS growth is actually close to $ 1.8 billion, because NASA has transferred some of the missile related missions to future missions.

Orion is also expected to increase, but GAO does not have a good estimate of what will happen because NASA has not updated its estimates for the program.

Despite all these delays and costs, NASA continues to give Boing and Lockheed’s “grant fees” worth $ 200 million to the leading contractors of SLS and Orion, respectively.

These charges are usually given to the agency contractors for good performance and scheduling. But the Accounting Office’s report urges Boeing to reduce the number of workers, who have to build complex designs of the SLS and missiles.

Responding to the GAO report, NASA’s William Gertemier, recalling the report of the GAO, reminded the bureau that SLS and Orion would be “some of the most sophisticated equipment.

While the programs had to face challenges, the “worst result” was envisaged in the account office’s report. Gerstemier does not agree with the claim that NASA was not transparent about costs, arguing that NASA had dealt with uncertainty in its report. Budget and direction It has become very effective and effective in implementing programs effectively.

To move forward, efficiency will become more important. The General Accounting Office has identified a very small area of ​​error in the SLS table because it is too busy to test the program that it should be known as “Green Run”.

Then the main corps of the missile will be launched on the ground to see if all the components of the missile are working together or not. Any delay can put NASA’s current ambitions in jeopardy.

Under a new initiative called SLS and Orion, Artemis plays an important role in NASA’s mission to bring humans back to the moon.

In March, Vice President Mike Pines called for NASA to accelerate its lunar program and send people to the moon instead of 2028 instead of 2028 by the agency as planned. Now, NASA Director Jim Breedstein is seeking Congress funding for this quick deadline.

The agency has requested to fund 1.6 billion dollars for FY 2010 and Artemis program for NASA’s $ 21 billion. He told CNN that he is anticipating that apart from NASA’s annual budget, there is a need of $ 20 billion to $ 30 billion – to ensure that the agency reaches the Moon by 2024.

Even if the Congress wants the program as a fund to complete, then the 2024 deadline depends on the equipment made at the time of NASA, and this latest report shows that the GAO Orion Possess about the potential and get the SLS for this five year goal.

Meanwhile, NASA continues to advance the program. The agency says that it will stick to some recommendations recommended by the Accounting Office in its report, including ways to make better estimation of the program.

However, NASA did not say that the estimated SLS would be the date of the launch, so it appears that the agency is still aiming to launch next year despite the suspicion of the accounting firm.

An atomic clock, “green” fuel, and a sail to glide into the sun

An atomic clock, green fuel, and a sail to glide into the sun

On Monday, SpaceX is about to start the third flight of its most powerful, heavy Falcon missile. This time, it takes a host of new technologies in space, from a new type of atomic clock to a high sail that runs in the sunlight.

If they can escape the harsh environment of Earth’s orbit, then these new technologies can develop into valuable tools for future space missions.

 NASA, National Oceanic and Atmospheric

Administration and Universities, a group of 24 satellites will fly in space. Access to all these satellites will not be easy.

20 payloads should be dropped in three different classes, which means that Falcon Heavy will be ignited by four again in six hours to its satellites, so you need to go to those satellites. Alan Musk, CEO of SpaceX, claims that this complex journey is “the toughest launch of the company”.

A new atomic clock goes into space

There is a small, toaster-shaped clock on one of Falcon Heavy’s satellites. But this is not a normal watch, as you will see an hour to be worn on the wall or on your wrist.

This clock is more accurate than any individual clock on Earth. While we eventually trigger hours of use or slow down over time, the specified clock, which would take 10 million years to get called Deep Space Clock, then visit.

All watches remain by measuring time between some recurring events. Old analog watches, such as grandfather watches, will determine the time between the back and moving between the pendulum.

Some modern watches will send voltage across quartz crystals, which vibrate at the same frequency every second. On the other hand, the atomic clock measures how long the particles take from different energy states. This is where these clocks meet their names: They deal with atoms.

The deep atomic clock works by processing a special type of charge atom known as ion. Around the clock, there are tubules filled with mercury ions – the same amount of mercury that is in tuna fish. Microwave-tuned microwave is used to disturb these ions, which makes the mercury very excited.

This leads to the conversion of ions back and forth between the various energy states. Deep Space Clock Mission, said Deputy Chief Investigator Gil Sebert The Verge, “when the magic happens, because this transition frequency is known very well and is very accurate.”

NASA used mercury-based watches for a while on earth, but the equipment was generally larger than the size of the refrigerator and the spaceship suited to it.

Other small atomic clocks have been sent to space on first GPS satellites, but they work by measuring elements such as cesium or rubidium. Regardless of its accuracy, this accuracy eventually stops, because its atoms are lost over time.

“They merge into the walls of their containers,” he says. Mercury-ion clocks such as deep space atomic clocks are more accurate because the ions do not collide with the walls of their container pipes, keeping the system inactive.

Because they are very reliable, NASA is working to minimize these systems, and now the space fly clock will show whether this small device can work in space or not.

The team behind the tool hopes to start in August and sees if it works according to next year. If so, then the work can be the reason for the development of super atomic clocks that can help the space shuttle not only save time, but also navigate from a deep place.

Until now, vehicles outside our planet are not atomic clocks and should depend on the orders coming from the ground to navigate.

Engineers will send the voice and then wait for a vehicle response, and from this time of relay, they will be able to detect the space shuttle. It can be a long process depending on the distance of a space shuttle. For example, Mars’s vehicles should sometimes wait around twenty-four minutes for orders from Earth.

But if these vehicles are atomic clocks, can send sound engineer spacecraft, and their atomic watches can calculate their location, it depends on how long it takes them to get the signal.

After that, the spacecraft can navigate and change the direction on its own. “If we want to create a GPS-like network on other planets and moons, you’ll need an atomic clock, and Siebert says,” This technique is a clear choice there.

The opposition becomes green

To stay in space or to move to higher orbit in either space, many space shuttle will need to take Falcon Heavy into the maneuvers.

Thechemicals used in these small motors are usually similar to toxic substances. But next week, a space shuttle in the classroom will test the “Green” type propellant which is very easy to use.

Why the third launch of SpaceX’s Falcon Heavy

Why the third launch of SpaceX's Falcon Heavy

Immediately after the launch both sides reinforce successfully landed, but it appears that the mid booster crashed during the live broadcast.

The third flight of Falcon Heavy of SpaceX is scheduled for tonight, and this may be the most important launch for a powerful missile.

The Falcon Heavy will make an important flight for the Air Force known as STP-2, whose purpose is to finally prove that the vehicle is capable of launching a national security mission in the future.

If everything goes well then the launch can help the Falcon to create heavy rockets as a reliable missile for the Defense Department and potentially keep SpaceX as a military launcher provider for the next decade.

To assess the versatility of the missile, the Air Force commissioned Falcon Heavy to launch 24 satellites in space at the same time.

Each spacecraft – from NASA, Air Force, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration – and Universities – shows some new techniques or abilities in space, in which a new type of atomic clock and space propellants are included.

24 cargoes will be transported into three different classes, so for the Falcon Heavy to reach everything to its final destination, its engine must be re-ignited in space four times. Overall, it will take three and a half hours to launch until the last satellite is being deployed.

Elon Musk, CEO of SpaceX, described this work as “the toughest launch so far” due to its complexity. But this is also a challenge which is presented to the company. SpaceX is one of the four companies, which is one of the major US air force launch providers through most of 2020.

The two companies selected by the Air Force will have only two companies receiving contracts with 2027 flights to launch DOD satellites between 2020 and 2024. If successful in reducing the spacex, it will be eligible for millions or perhaps billions of dollars in defense contracts from the defense department.

The Air Force has requested missile proposals to meet the agency’s launch requirements, and there is a possibility to compete with Falcon 9 with the SpaceX Falcon Heavy.

So SpaceX really needs to do this launch well. Other companies, Blue Origin and Northrop Grumman, both are developing new rockets (New Glen and Omega, respectively).

On the basis of its current fleet of vehicles including the United Launch Alliance, Atlas V and Delta IV Heavy, a new rocket is also developing vulcan.

All three competitors of SpaceX get hundreds of millions of dollars from the US Air Force to develop their missiles. SpaceX recently filed a lawsuit against the U.S. government for not receiving any development fund – trying to block Blue Origin and ULA.

However, Falcon Heavy is the only operating rocket to compete for these contracts, so SpaceX has a unique opportunity to showcase the car’s ability with someone else.

This is also a major launch of SpaceX, because it is the first time that the Air Force has used a heavily falcon plane with the first reinforcement launched. The outer edge of the heavy falcon falcon was the outer backers of the other falcon falcon, launched in April, which developed the ARABSAT-6A satellite for the Arab League.

After the mission, both the Koreans landed on the SpaceX landing pad in Cape Canaveral, Florida. So far, SpaceX has used rocket to be used mostly in its own business as well as NASA missions. Only a small satellite was sent from the Air Force on the Falcon 9 rocket used, and it reached the space on another satellite.

This is the first time that a huge Hawk with Air Force supporters will emerge.

After launch, an attempt was made to land on one of the unmanned ships of Atlantic SpaceX. After the SpaceX work, the Falcon continues to restore the essence of heavy falcons.

During the initial launch of the missile, after drilling the fuel properly the heart of the drone ship was missed and was targeted at sea.

In the second heavy Falcon launch in April, the heart of the center successfully landed on a drone in the ocean, but due to the unstable sea the heart returned to the shore by mistake.

STP-2 was originally scheduled to depart at Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, 11:30 am Eastern Time, but it is scheduled for 2:30 a.m. ET. There is a large four-hour spacious launch window in SpaceX, so Falcon Heavy can be launched.

According to the 45th Air Pavilion of the Air Force, 80 percent are likely to be favorable for the weather launch, which monitors projection from the Florida coast. If SpaceX can not launch tonight, the backup day will begin, starting at 11:30 AM EST.

There are a few options to look at this work, because both SpaceX and NASA will broadcast the event directly.

SpaceX holds the nose nose rocket for the first time

SpaceX holds the nose nose rocket for the first time

After the launch of the powerful Falcon heavy rocket this evening, SpaceX discovered parts of the car’s nose cone when it returned to Earth – the first time the company has drawn such feat. The structure separated from the rocket in space and remained parachuted on the surface, then landed on a spacex armed with a huge network.

After launch, the nose cone tries to try and take one and a half years after the failure. But now when it has been recovered, there is a possibility of using the structure again on an upcoming trip instead of creating a new flight from SpaceX scratch.

The nose cone of the missile, or its gift, is the bulbous structure that carries load during launch. It protects the satellites on the board during the initial climb, and then in space, it splits into two parts, where they return to Earth. Generally, gifts do not get.

However, Essex CEO Elon Musk was interested in finding a way to recover two parts for reuse. Misk had said in a news conference last year, “Imagine that you get 6 million dollars in the air billboard bill and you will be crushed in the sea.” “Are you really trying to get that back?

The goal of SpaceX is to capture calmly, slowly, before it falls into the ocean and gets damaged by salt water. To do this, SpaceX reached the wild idea of ​​using a huge network.

The company bought a boat on behalf of Ms. Trai (known as Mr. Stephen) and equipped the ship with four giant strips, to create a large network to catch the fall.

Each half-crunching has a steering system that allows it to be taken back to the ground, as well as small hedges and special type umbrellas known as paraffioles to control the cone’s nose. If things get better, then at least half of the scorer will fall into the net, as the baseball game falls in a catcher’s glove.

SpaceX is experimenting with this technique during specific flights from the beginning of last year, as well as doing many boat-dropping tests and simulation exercises.

To facilitate the boat on the Hunt, make the largest network of SpaceX on Mrs. Tri. But so far, no exhibition of spacex has been able to meet the target, though the company has managed to recover many oceans. Now in the end, all of this test has given fruit today. SpaceX says that he also saw the second part of the nearby gift in water.

Now, SpaceX will return the gift to the beach and determine if it can fly again. Since the water has not been touched, therefore, the equipment can be filled easily by more than half the quantity sent in the sea.

When it comes to rocket firing, use of previously manufactured devices is a great way to save some costs.

Israel’s non-profit SpaceL has announced that it will abandon the plan to launch another satellite after an aircraft crashes in its original mission before this spring.

At that time, the company said that he would make a second attempt to land on the moon, but today a tweak from his official account on Twitter says that the team will continue to build the Berezet 2 spacecraft for a different purpose instead.

The original Berecit completed his mission on the Moon on 11 April, but the space shuttle failed to stop landing just before reaching the moon.

“According to the initial investigation conducted in the exercise by the Israeli spacecraft” perishett “, it appears that a manual order was filed in the spacecraft’s computer,” Spiel said in a statement at that time.

“A series of reactions began in spacecraft, where the main engine was stopped, which prevented it from becoming more active.”

In spite of landing, SpaceIL described his mission in April as “a successful, unprecedented journey,” according to the Associated Press, “The attempt to replicate the journey of the moon is not enough to challenge. ”

Meanwhile, other private groups are still on track to complete Moon landing mission in the beginning of 2020, which include companies like Japan’s Ispace and Pittsburgh-based AstroWotnik.